I first got started as an advocate for space when I was a Battalion Commander in the 1st Cavalry Divison, in 1991. At that time the Army was trying to communicate over large distances between headquarters. There was no line of sight equipment which could provide this connectiviity. We used both single channel tacsat and multichannel tacsat, using the military satellites and military terminal, only.
Because of limited military terminal purchases provided by the Army's requirements and procurement system, it didn't take long for military commanders to start buying commercial terminals to meet their needs outside the typical acquisition process. Over the years most innovations occured because of a pressing military need. For example, blue force tracking evolved out of an experiment conducted in Kosovo. This capability became a "must have" for troops deploying to Iraq.
In a very short span of time, the military went from using only miltary satellites and military terminals to a large reliance on both commercial satellite bandwidth and commercial terminals, for everything from blue force tracking to controling predator drones.
The greatest event related to space during my career was to understand how small the world becomes when you are connected to the battlefield from anywhere. We have intel analyst in the western part of the US supporting the Iraq conflict. We have predator drones taking off in Kuwait but actually flown from the US. We have targeting happening in the US to support operations in Afganistan. There is one global fight because of the connectivitiy that exists and both military and commercial satellite is a big part of that change.
In my experience, the greatest obstacle to any evolving change is the people, processes and organizations who have to adapt to new technology and new ways of doing business. The military has adapted well because they had no other choice, but, even within the military there is always room for improvement. Seamless communications are an absolute necessity and the integration of satellite systems into enterprise networks must be accomplished in order for warfighting forces to acheive the greatest benefits from space assets.
In the next 5 years the industry should concentrate on how to support ubiquitous communication on the move for tactical forces, these are the most disadvantaged users, today. The question the industry needs to ask is what they can do for the soldier on the ground. Can they provide a lightweight PDA type device to thousands of soldiers who patrol the streets in foreign lands every day?
My advice for those coming into the industry is to understand the people your support, their point of view, their needs and maybe even what they have not identified yet as a need. The satellite industry is a great industry, it takes special technical skills to be the best and a constant refresh of those technical skills. It is one industry that will always be changing. It will, certainly, never be dull.
Women in Space
Audrey Allison, Dir., Frequency Management Services, Boeing Shared Services Group
Anita Antenucci, Managing Dir. Houlihan Lokey's Aerospace-Defense-Government
Dr. Wanda M. Austin Pres. & CEO, The Aerospace Corporation
Julie Bannerman, Gen.Counsel, Space Systems/Loral, Inc.
Sharri Berg, Senior V.P., News Operations, Fox News
Leslie Blaker, DataPath, Inc.
Yvonne Brill, Consultant, Satellite Tech. & Space Propulsion Systems
Michelle Bryan, Senior V.P., Human Resources, Intelsat
Dr. Angie Bukley, Ph.D., Electrical Engineering
Catherine Chang, General Counsel & Asst. Company Secretary, AsiaSat
Sabrina Cubbon, Gen. Manager, Marketing, AsiaSat
Yvette Dominguez, Manager, Payload Design Engineering Section, Space Systems/Loral, Inc.
Chris Ehrenbard, Dir., Broadcast Distribution, CBS
Mary Ann Elliot, Chairman of the Board, Arrowhead Global Solutions, Inc.
Celeste Ford, Founder & CEO, Stellar Solutions, Inc.
Mary Frost, former CEO, GlobeCast America
Eilene Galloway, NASA Pioneer
Carmen González-Sanfeliu, V.P., Latin America & Caribbean, Intelsat
Dawn Harms, V.P., Marketing & Sales, Space Systems/Loral, Inc.
Ellen Hoff, Pres., W.L. Pritchard & Co., L.C.
Polly Rash Hollis, Satellite Industry Professional
Britt Horncastle, Satellite Consultant
Susan Irwin, Pres., Irwin Communications, Inc.
Barbara Jaffe, Senior V.P., Advanced Technology and Operations, HBO
Christine King, Deputy V.P., Technical Services & Engineering, Lockheed Martin
Betsy Kulick, Newsletter Editor & Corporate Secretary, Mobile Satellite Users Association
Penelope Longbottom, Founder & Pres., Longbottom Communications
Joanne Maguire, Exec. V.P., Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company
Andrea Maléter, Technical Dir., Futron Corporation
Joan T. Mancuso, Founder & Executive, Broadband International LLC
Dolores Martos, V.P., Sales for Latin America & Caribbean, SES Americom - SES New Skies
Brig. Gen. Susan K. Mashiko, Vice Commander, Space & Missile Systems Center, L.A. Air Force Base
Eileen McGowan, Corporate Strategy & Planning, Intelsat
Olwen Morgan, Development Engineer
Bridget Neville, V.P. & Gen. Manager, Satellite Engineering & Operations, Sirius XM Radio
Christine Paape, V.P., Space Explorers, Inc.
Rhonda Parson, Manager, Occasional-Use Sales & Traffic Division, EchoStar Satellite Services
Maj. Gen. Ellen M. Pawlikowski, Deputy Dir., National Reconnaissance Office
Jane Petro, Kennedy Space Center Deputy Director
Dr. Nongluck Phinainitisart, D.Eng., Pres., Thaicom PLC
Mary Quagliotti, Retired Major General, Army
Radhika Ramachandran, Ph.D., Counsellor (SPACE) & Technical Liaison Officer
Veena Rawat, Pres., Communications Research Centre, Canada
Joslyn Read, V.P., Regulatory Affairs, SES Americom - SES New Skies
Walda Roseman, Founder & CEO, CompassRose International, Inc.
Farah Suhanah Ahmad Sarji, General Counsel, MEASAT
Jacqueline Schenkel, Founder, Schenkel & Associates, LLC
Kay Sears, Pres., Intelsat General
Gwynne Shotwell, Pres., SpaceX
Marcia Smith, Pres., Space Technology Policy Group, LLC
Pascale Sourisse, Gen. Manager, Land & Joint Systems Division, Thales
Andy Steinem, CEO, Dahl-Morrow International
Nicole P. Stott, Astronaut, NASA
Bambi Taskarelli, Voice/Data Engineer, NBCU
Leslie Taylor, Strategic Planning Division Office of Spectrum Management, NTIA, U.S. Dept. of Commerce
Synette Tom, Marketing Dir., Sales, Space Systems/Loral, Inc.
Marjorie Rhodes Townsend, Satellite Communications Consultant
Diane Tryneski, Senior V.P., Broadcast & Studio Operations, HBO
Diane VanBeber, V.P., Investor Relations, Corporate & Marketing Communications, Intelsat
Barbara Warren, Systems Analyst, International Telecommunication Union
Zhang Yan, Gen. Manager, CITICSat and Chief Rep., Asiasat